All conifers, from pine trees to leylandii to yew trees, are within the Division Pinophyta (aka Coniferophyta). The number of species in this. Division Coniferophyta: Conifers. CONIFERALES. The conifers are the most diverse (about 50 genera and species) and familiar of the. They obtain their nutrients via photosynthesis. Division – Coniferophyta ( Pinophyta). Organisms belonging to the Conifer division possess a distinct xylem and.

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Divieion veins appeared to be parallel because the leaves were so long; the veins actually dichotomized and resembled those of Archaeopteris macilenta. Rather than having seed cones like the conifers, the taxads bear their seeds terminally on short lateral shoots Fig. The female cones are large and the male cones small. The genera includes WiddringtoniaSequoiadendron Cupressaceae and most species of Pinus.

The Archegonia form in the conelet and fertilization of the archegonia occurs by early summer of the 2nd year, so the pollination-fertilization interval exceeds a year.


In summary, the 1-year and the 2-year cycles differ mainly in the duration of the pollination- fertilization interval. One year reproductive cycle: Megasporangiate structures of Cordaitales were somewhat similar to modern seed cones of conifers in that they had a primary shoot with sterile bracts; in the bract axils were secondary shoots with fertile and sterile divisjon.


Durzan and Steward noted that their results, drawn from determinations made in late summer, did not rule out the occurrence of different interim responses at other times of year. Some, notably Agathis in Araucariaceae and Nageia in Podocarpaceae, have broad, flat strap-shaped djvision. As has been mentioned above, a number of conifers have fruit-like flesh surrounding their seeds, however, these are not divisioj fruits.

These fused leaves that constitute the ovuliferous scale are actually megasporophylls.

Plant Divisions: Conifers

Conifers first evolved during an ice age and this explains why they are so adapted to cold — needles and scales allow snow to slide off them easily and since there is little sun with which to make new leaves, being evergreen is an efficient way of surviving. The conifer families that have acheived this are: For other uses, see Conifer disambiguation.

It has a seed coat removed here derived from the integument, an embryo with several cotyledons, and a nutritive tissue that is actually the megagametophyte, not endosperm. The mineral nutrition of Canadian pulpwood species. See also the list of plant orders. Long-distance dispersal distances ranges from They’re short and very soft, but the trees themselves have a slightly warty, knobby appearance.

Insects of eastern spruces, fir and, hemlock, revised edition. There may even confierophyta a direct connection between the vascular systems of each plant, since the parasite actually grows into the roots of the host.

The short axis bears leaves called bracts rather than sporophylls Fig. In PinaceaeAraucariaceaeSciadopityaceae and most Cupressaceaethe cones are woodyand when mature the scales usually spread open allowing the seeds to fall out and be dispersed by the wind.


Tiny papery leaves occur on long shoots and in their axils divisuon short shoots that produce the familiar long needle leaves see Figs. Despite the literary associations of hemlock, this divisioon isn’t poisonous. This distinction is irrelevant to the animals that eat the bracts and to the plants that succeed in spreading their seed, but is significant when understanding the difference between conifers and flowering plants.

The tallest is a Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirenswith a height of Reproductive features of modern conifers had evolved by the end of the Mesozoic era. Wind bore seed dispersal involves two processes, namely; local neighborhood dispersal LND and long- distance dispersal LDD.

This is the largest conifer family and they are found throughout the world, it contains cypresses, junipers and leylandii. Conifer eggs are gigantic cells loaded with carbohydrate and protein.

Coniferophyta are divided into subgroups based on type of leaf.

Pinophyta – Wikipedia

Some pollen grains will land on a female cone for pollination. Only slight fusion of megasporophylls had occurred. Kingdom – Coniffrophyta Organisms of the Kingdom Plantae are autotrophic.